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An introduction to a lecture

Do the preparation task first. Then listen to the audio and do the exercises.

Listen to the introduction of a psychology lecture to practise and improve your listening skills.


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Listening B1: An introduction to a lecture – preparation

Match the words with the definitions.

1 / 6


2 / 6

a state

3 / 6


4 / 6

a psychologist

5 / 6

to lose track of

6 / 6


Your score is

The average score is 58%



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Good afternoon, everyone. Welcome to the first lecture of our new course in Positive Psychology. While some people may associate psychology with looking at what’s wrong with us, and at what problems we have, there is much more to psychology than that. Positive psychology, for example, looks at how to help people become happier.

This lecture begins with a question: what makes a happy life?

Now, I’m going to give you one possible answer. A happy life is a life in which you are completely absorbed in what you do. Now, how does this compare with what you and your partner said? 

This answer comes from the work of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and the theory of flow. Csikszentmihalyi is a psychologist who has spent much of his professional life on the study of what makes people happy and how we can find happiness.

Csikszentmihalyi suggests the theory that happiness is not caused by external events or things that happen to us. Our perception of these things and how we see these events either makes us happy or sad. In other words, if we want happiness, we have to actively look for it. However, this does not mean that we should always look for happiness! Csikszentmihalyi believed that our happiest moments happen when we are in a state of flow.

The theory of flow can be summarised like this: when we are totally involved in, or focused on, what we are doing, we are in a state of flow.

Csikszentmihalyi got the inspiration for this theory when he noticed how artists worked in a studio. They completely lost track of time, they didn’t notice they were hungry or tired, and they could work for hours, even days, without stopping. Anyone I have spoken to who has experienced this state of concentration has said it’s difficult to explain. The best way to explain it is that it is like being in a river and the flow of the water carries you away.

For the rest of this lecture, I will explore this theory of flow in more detail. First we will look at Csikszentmihalyi’s life, and how it influenced his ideas. Then we will look at the conditions that go with a state of flow. What creates flow, exactly? Finally, we will look at activities that can help us achieve flow in our everyday lives. Will this course make you happy for life? Well, maybe. Maybe. 

Right, let’s get started. If you look at the next slide …

Task 1

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Listening B1: An introduction to a lecture – 1

write the number of the topics in the order they are mentioned.

1 / 1

1.- What makes a happy life
2.- Examples of flow
3.- The difference between psychology and positive psychology
4.- Csikszentmihalyi and his work
5.- One definition of a happy life
6.- An outline of the rest of the lecture

Your score is

The average score is 33%


Task 2

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Listening B1: An introduction to a lecture – 2

Are the sentences true or false?

1 / 8

1. Positive psychology focuses on people's problems.

2 / 8

2. The teacher asks the students to define a happy life.

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3. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi believes that external events are the main things that make us happy or sad.

4 / 8

4. Csikszentmihalyi believes that a happy life means being very focused on

5 / 8

5. Csikszentmihalyi studied depression, and from there learned about happiness.

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6. Flow means being completely absorbed in what you are doing.

7 / 8

7. Csikszentmihalyi was influenced by watching creative people.

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8. The rest of the lecture will look at what other psychologists think of this theory.

Your score is

The average score is 75%


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