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EL EQUIVALENTE DE ¿NO ES VERDAD?

Para traducir las preguntas ¿no es verdad?, ¿verdad?, ¿no?, ¿no es así?, con las que se pide asentimiento o confirmación, se repite el pronombre (o el pronombre correspondiente al sustantivo) y se usa el auxiliar que se emplearía para poner el verbo en negativo. 
    Si el primer verbo de la oración es afirmativo, el auxiliar en la pregunta corta estará en negativo. 
   Si el primer verbo es negativo, el auxiliar en la pregunta corta estará en afirmativo. 
Estudie los siguientes ejemplos.
1.It’s clean, isn’t it? 
   It isn’t clean, is it? 
2.There’s time, isn’t there? 
   There isn’t any time, is there? 
3.He’s eating, isn’t he? 
   He isn’t eating, is he? 
4.They’re going to come, aren’t they? 
   They aren’t going to come, are they? 
5.You were writing, weren’t you? 
   You weren’t writing, were you? 
6.I have to eat, don’t I? 
   I don’t have to eat, do I? 
7.the car works, doesn’t it? 
   the car doesn’t work, does it? 
8.Henry likes to teach, doesn’t he? 
   Henry doesn’t like to teach, does he? 
9.John’s sister went, didn’t she? 
   John’s sister didn’t go, did she? 
10.Your brother wanted to sleep, didn’t he? 
     Your brother didn’t want to sleep, did he? 
11.John can win, can’t he?. 
     John can’t win, can he? 
12.Mary and I could study, couldn’t we? 
     Mary and I couldn’t study, could we? 

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LESSON NINETEEN

Vocabulary

1. to show, showed – mostrar, mostró, enseñar, enseñó 13. poor – pobre
2. to hurry, hurried – apresurarse, se apresuró 14. pure – puro 
3. to kill, killed – matar, mató 15. beautiful – hermoso, guapo 
4. to cut, cut – cortar , cortó16. gold – oro, de oro 
5. to become, became – llegar a ser, llegó a ser;       golden – de oro; dorado 
   hacerse, se hizo; volverse, se volvió; ponerse, se puso 17. goose – gansa,oca 
6. to love, loved – amar, amó       geese – gansos, ocas 
7. as – mientras; cuando 18. farm – granja 
8. while – mientras que       farmer granjero 
9. once – una vez 19. food – alimento, comida 
10. again – otra vez 20. another – otro 
11. busy – ocupado 21. hand – mano
12. rich –  rico 
MODISMOS
1. to lay eggs, laid eggs poner huevos, puso huevos 
2. to get rich, got rich. hacerse rico, se hizo rico 
3. at once, inmediatamente; de una vez 
4. Hurry (up) Apresúrese 
5. I’m in a hurry. Estoy de prisa. 
6. scrambled eggs – huevos revueltos 
    fried eggs – huevos fritos 
    boiled eggs – huevos cocidos 
7. to be about – tratar de. 
    What’s the book about? ¿De qué trata el libro? 
    What’s it about?  ¿De qué trata? 
    It’s about animals. Trata de animales. 
8. not…either – no…tampoco 
    I didn’t go either. Yo no fui tampoco, Tampoco fui yo.

EL USO DEL GERUNDIO CON PREPOSICIONES

Se usa en Español un infinitivo después de las preposiciones. En inglés es preciso usar el gerundio (la forma ing del verbo). Fíjese:

before goingantes de ir 
without going sin ir 
after comingdespués de venir 
besides coming. además de venir 

Aprenda. las siguientes preposiciones

beside al lado de behind detrás de 
besides además de near cerca de 
far from lejos de next to junto a. 
in front of  delante de, enfrente de 

EL IMPERATIVO

Se forma el imperativo de la segunda persona singular y plural you (tu, ud., uds.) con el infinitivo sin la partícula to, suprimiendo el pronombre El imperativo con todas las otras personas se forma con la palabra let, seguida del pronombre objetivo o sustantivo y el infinitivo del verbo empleado sin la partícula to.

estudie los siguientes ejemplos y fíjese en las dos formas de la primera persona plural (let us y let´s) y sus traducciones correspondientes.

Let me answer. Que conteste yo, Déjeme contestar. 
Answer. Contesta (tú), Conteste (Ud.). 
Let him answer. Que conteste él, Déjelo contestar. 
let John answer. Que conteste Juan, Deje que Juan conteste. 
Let her answer. Que conteste ella, Déjela contestar. 
Let Mary answer. Que conteste María, deje que María conteste. 
Let us answer. Déjenos contestar. 
Let’s answer. Contestemos, Vamos a contestar. 
Answer. Contesten (Uds.) 
Let them answer. Que contesten ellos( ellas) ,  déjelos (las) contestar.
Let the boys answerQue contesten los muchachos, deje que contesten los muchachos.
Don´t let me answer.Que no conteste yo, no me deje contestar.
Don’t answer. No contestes, No conteste. 
Don’t let him answer. Que no conteste él, No lo dejes contestar, 
Don’t let John answer. Que no conteste Juan, No deje que Juan conteste. 
Don’t let her answer. Que no conteste ella, No deje que ella conteste. 
Don’t let Mary answer. Que no conteste María, No deje que María conteste. 
Don’t let us answer. No nos deje contestar. 
Let’s not answer. No contestemos, No vayamos a contestar. 
Don’t answer. No contesten (Uds.). 
Don’t let them answer. Que no contesten ellos (ellas), No los (las) deje que contesten. 
Don’t let the boys answer. Que no contesten los muchachos, No deje que los muchachos contesten. 

LOS PRONOMBRES OBJETIVOS

Se colocan los pronombres objetivos después de los verbos y las preposiciones.

Aprenda éstos y fíjese que en el nominativo y el objetivo son iguales los pronombres it y you.

NOMINATIVOOBJETIVO
me me 
you you te, le, lo, la 
he him le,lo 
she her le, la 
it it  lo, la
we us nos
you you les, los, las 
theythem les,los,las 
Pronombres Objetivos Pronombres Objetivos 
Usados Después de Verbos Usados Después de Preposiciones 
1.I saw him. 1.The child went with her. 
2.He helped you. 2.She looked at me. 
3.They told you. 3.They spoke to us. 
4.We asked them. 4.We talked to them. 
5.They called us. 5.He gave the money to her. 
6.My sister visited her. 6.The boys laughed at him. 
7.You took it. 7.You looked for it. 
8.The teacher answered me. 8.My brother waited for you. 

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El auxiliar Did

Como auxiliar, did se usa en preguntas y negaciones en el pasado con todos los verbos menos con las formas del verbo be y otros auxiliares como can y could, did sirve para todas las personas y se usa con el infinitivo sin la partícula to. La contracción negativa de did not es la palabra didn’t.

Afirmativo1Negativo
I wanted yo quise, quería I didn’t want no quise, no quería 
you wanted quisiste you didn’t want no quisiste 
you wanted Ud. quiso you didn’t want Ud. no quiso 
he wanted él quiso he didn’t want el no quiso 
she wanted ella quiso she didn’t want ella no quiso 
it wanted quiso it didn’t want no quiso 
we wanted quisimos we didn’t want no quisimos 
you wanted Uds. quisieron you didn’t want  Uds. no quisieron 
they wanted ellos quisieron they didn’t want .ellos no quisieron 

Interrogativo Interrogativo Negativo 
did I want? ¿quise, quería? didn’t I want? ¿no quise, no quería? 
did you want? ¿quisiste? didn’t you want? ¿no quisiste? 
did you want? ¿quiso Ud? didn’t you want? ¿no quiso Ud? 
did he want? ¿quiso él? didn’t he want? ¿no quiso él? 
did she want? ¿quiso ella? didn’t she want? ¿no quiso ella? 
did it want? ¿quiso? didn’t it want? ¿no quiso? 
did we want?  ¿quisimos?didn’t we want? ¿no quisimos? 
did you want?  ¿quisieron Uds.?didn’t you want? ¿no quisieron Uds.? 
did they want? ¿quisieron ellos?didn’t they want? ¿no quisieron ellos? 

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El futuro idiomático

El futuro idiomático es una manera idiomática para expresar tiempo en el futuro. El castellano también tiene un futuro idiomático y la formación de los dos es muy parecida. Se necesitan tres cosas para formar este tiempo en inglés: el presente del verbo Be (am, is, are), la palabra Going y un infinitivo.

Compare el inglés con el español. Fíjese en el presente del verbo Be, la palabra Going y un infinitivo en ese orden.

Afirmativo
I’m going to work tomorrow.Voy a trabajar mañana.
He’s going to get up early.Él va a levantarse temprano.
They’re going to visit their parents.Van a visitar a sus padres.
Negativo
I’m not going to work.No voy a trabajar.
He isn’t going to get up early.Él no va a levantarse temprano.
We aren’t going to teach English.No vamos a enseñar inglés.
Interrogativo

Fíjese en el orden de las palabras. Siempre se coloca el auxiliar antes del sustantivo o pronombre. En el futuro idiomático el auxiliar es siempre una forma del verbo Be.

Sustantivo o
         Auxiliarpronombre Verbo
             Is        hegoing to get up?
          ¿Va       él  a levantarse?
           Are     they  going to visit?
        ¿Van     ellos    a visitar?
     (Where) am        I going to work?
    ¿(Dónde) voy       yo    a trabajar?

Interrogativo negativo

Sustantivo o
AuxiliarPronombre      Verbo
Isn’thegoing to work?
¿No vaéla trabajar?
Aren’ttheygoing to visit?
¿No vanellosa visitar?
(Why) aren’ttheygoing to teach?
¿(Por qué?) No vanellosa enseñar?

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Nivel 1-Lección 2

English_really_frances_lecc_2

A job interview

Things you need to know

words and contractions

learning and development = L&D

human resources = HR

business to business = B2B

business to customer =B2C

Listen to the job interview to practise and improve your listening skills.

Transcription

The less you use it the better

Interviewer: Hello, Maria. Thanks for coming in for the interview.

Maria: It’s my pleasure. Thanks for inviting me.

Interviewer: Well, as you know, the company has been expanding and we have an opening in our HR department. We’re creating a new role for someone to lead our training and development within the company.

Maria: Yes, I very much think that my skills and experience are a good fit for what you’re looking for.

Interviewer: That sounds great. So, your CV looks strong, though it would be good if you could give us an overview, in your own words, of what you’ve been doing over the past four years or so.

Maria: Well, in my first job, four years ago, I was working for a small HR services provider which offered HR services, including L&D, to corporate clients.

Interviewer: OK, so it was only B2B?

Maria: Yes, we only offered services to other companies, not B2C.

Interviewer: Right, and it says here you then left that company about three years ago.

Maria: Yes, that’s right. I was looking for a little more stability and also to be part of a larger organisation. So I joined a company with around one hundred staff and a small HR team. As there are only a few of us, we each deal with a range of HR topics. In addition to payroll, one of the areas I was responsible for was learning and development.

Interviewer: I see. And, so why do you want to change jobs now?

Maria: Well, I very much like the L&D side of my role and I’ve always had particularly good feedback for my work in this area. I believe I excel in that field. So, I’m looking to specialise, and as your company has around 2,000 people, right …? 

Interviewer: Yes, that’s right.

Maria: Well, an organisation of this size would give me the scope to specialise in L&D. I’m also a big follower of your brand and feel fully aligned with your image and values.

Interviewer: Well, that all sounds good. And I can see you have an L&D qualification.

Maria: Yes, I got a diploma two years ago. I am also currently working on a further diploma in psychology, with a specific focus on learning and performance management.

Interviewer: Very good. Well, it looks like you have the qualifications and experience we’re looking for. What do you think will be the main challenges of coming to a much larger company?

Maria: I can see that it might be perceived as a weakness to not have experience in an organisation of this size, though I see that it could also be a benefit. I won’t be bringing too many preconceived and possibly inflexible ideas with me to the role.  

Interviewer: Yes, that would be a good thing.

Maria: Also, I’m used to taking a very personal approach to employee development. I realise that such an approach with 2,000 staff members will have to happen in a different way, but I bring many ideas with me that can be replicated on a larger scale.

Interviewer: I see what you mean. Right, so, do you have any questions for me?

Maria: Um, I think we’ve covered many of the areas I had wanted to address. I have two quick questions though.

Interviewer: Go on.

Maria: Who would I mostly work with on a daily basis?

Interviewer: Well, there’s the HR manager who you would report to. And then the HR team, which currently has six people in it. There’s usually an intern or two who you can get some support from also.

Maria: OK. Thanks. That’s all really clear. And my other question is how performance in this role will be measured. What does success look like?

Interviewer: That’s a good question. As you know, we have a performance management system in place, and from that we have identified some learning and development needs within the organisation. But we haven’t devised a strategy. Your role would be to devise and then successfully implement this strategy.

Maria: Thank you. That sounds interesting.  

Interviewer: Great. So, thanks again for coming in today. We’ll be discussing all candidates next week and then I’ll get back to you by the end of next week to let you know the outcome.

Maria: Thank you for your time. I’d welcome the opportunity to continue discussing this role with you.

Task 1

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C1_ A job interview

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Maria has been in her current job ...

2 / 6

Four years ago, Maria worked for a small HR services provider ...

3 / 6

Maria's current role is focused ...

4 / 6

Maria ...

5 / 6

Maria will need to ...

6 / 6

Maria ...

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Task 2

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A job interview – 2

1 / 8

1.

Maria feels her skills and experience are a _____________ for the company.

2 / 8

2. Maria changed jobs because she was looking for more ____________

3 / 8

3. She was _______________  for learning and development.

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4. She feels _____________ with the company's brand and values.

5 / 8

5. She's used to taking a ____________ approach to L&D.

6 / 8

6. Her ideas can be ____________ on a larger scale.

7 / 8

7. She would ____________ to the HR manager.

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8. Performance will be _____________ in different ways.

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